The traditional sphere of testing methods includes, among many others, color and crystallization tests, including a variety of names, such as the Nalline controversial test, being the most well known and which is supposed to indicate recent use of drugs. A list of the most common drugs and specific criteria for them will be set out below:
Opium is a real narcotic substance, generating euphoric escapism from the real estate becomes dark brown and remains wet.
The most common types of opiate are:
- Morphine – a natural alkaloid that accounts for 10% of the seaweed;
- Paregoric – morphine combined with alcohol solution;
- Codeina – the algal poppy seed crystals;
- Heroin – macaw seed treated with hydrochloric acid; three times stronger than morphine;
- Demerol and methadone – Synthetic substances similar to opium produced in the laboratory.
- Technically, marijuana is a hallucinogen but has been attributed to narcotic substances after the Reyna v. State case since 1968. It tends to cause lethargy more than euphoria (a similar effect to alcohol, but without aggression). Its active ingredient is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), found in flower buds, as well as in stems and seeds.
The Cannabis Sativa species, unlike other species, for example, Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Ruderalis, contains more THC (Delta-9-THC) than other species, being the central cannabinoid, if “species” is the right word here. Small & Cronquist’s (1976) identified a single species with two subspecies (Sativa and Indica) each divided into wild and cultivated varieties. Find out more here.
Cannabis Indica also has a tremendous amount of THC along with some other cannabinoids. It should be noted that some experts classify Indica as subspecies of Sativa, which often does not provide an exact description of the chemical profile of the premium (Indica). The sex of the plant greatly influences THC content; female plants are producing considerably more resin than masculine. For this purpose, in the process of growing plants, males are usually removed until the pollination takes place.
A marijuana cigarette contains only 1% THC in the environment, whereas hash has 10% THC. The category of other hallucinogens includes:
Peyote – green cakes of cactuses, outwardly similar to mushrooms;
Psilocybin – mushrooms that grow naturally;
Mescaline – the active ingredient of peyote, synthetic product;
LSD – 400 times stronger than mescaline;
PCP – tranquilizer for animals;
Jimson’s Nuts and Grass – other naturally growing plants.
Technically, cocaine is an incentive but has been attributed to narcotic substances in too many cases to be remembered. It is a natural alkaloid found in the hull leaves (C17 H22 CLNO4). To produce what is called free base or crack, the melting point needs to be lowered, this being achieved by introducing chlorine and mixing it with a sodium compound, such as sodium bicarbonate, with the addition of water. Allow the mixture to boil over low heat, then cool. Crystal remains, or granules are called “crack,” representing a drug that is frequently abused.
The other stimulants range from the weakest (benzedrine and Dexedrine) to the strongest (methamphetamine). Tablet colors know barbiturates in the form of Nembutal (yellow); Seconal (tomato); Tuinal (the shade of the Christmas tree); and Amytal (blue). Steroids are another group of the drug family, and the anabolic ones (which cause muscle growth) exist in about 80 types.
So-called design drugs or “rave” are mostly hallucinogens that have been chemically transformed, so they are not included in the list of controlled substances. However, in the form of urgent measures, the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) can place an element on any list. Also, the drugs are MDMA, XTC, Ice, and Nexus. Test Clear can identify the above-named drugs.
There are quite exciting defense benefits in the US in criminal cases dealing with drugs. For example, in a case involving marijuana, the defense invoked the issue of species, and it would be demonstrated that the plant belonged to the Cannabis Sativa species.
Regarding steroids, the problem of “Roid fury” was raised, where it was attempted to demonstrate that the behavior of the subject was uncontrollable. A major line of defense is the demonstration that the person’s purpose was not to feel good, but to feel better, referring to a “medical necessity.” In the US it is unconstitutional to incriminate drug addiction (Robinson v. California 1962).